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ECTS is a student-oriented credit transfer and accumulation system based on process transparency and learning outcomes. European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) credits are a standard means for comparing the "volume of learning based on the defined learning outcomes and their associated workload".


ECTS points

ECTS points reflect the student workload needed to achieve the learning outcomes set out in the program. Learning outcomes determine what a student should know, understand and be able to do after completing the learning process. They refer to level descriptors in the national and European Qualifications Framework.

The workload determines the time required by the average student to pass all the classes included in the plan and program of studies (such as lectures, seminars, projects, practical classes, self-study and exams) and obtain the learning outcomes assumed for this program. 60 ECTS credits are normally equivalent to 1500–1800 hours of total workload, irrespective of standard or qualification type. Therefore one point corresponds to 25-30 hours of work.


ECTS points in practice

Points are assigned to the degree’s programs as well as to its components (such as module, subject, discussion, seminar, apprenticeship and laboratory exercises). The number of points is attached to each component depending on its weight expressed in terms of the amount of work needed to achieve under the formal education conditions the learning outcomes assumed for this component.

ECTS points are awarded to individual students after completing the classes and courses from the formal degree programme. The classes which student could choose from open universities’ offer are added to final degree sum. If the student has achieved learning outcomes in other time frames or learning conditions (formal, informal, incidental), the points assigned to them may be recognized after assessing, validating or approving these learning outcomes.

Points awarded in one program can be transferred to another program (transfer) offered by the same or another institution. Points can be transferred only if the institution awarding the titles or degrees recognizes the points and the associated learning outcomes. Partner institutions should agree in advance on the recognition of periods of study completed abroad.

The transfer and accumulation of credits facilitates the use of basic ECTS documents (Course Catalog, Student Application Form, Learning Agreement and Transcript of Records), as well as the Diploma Supplement